When we are looking in to the ayurvedic aspect of any disease it is very important to know ayurvedic diagnosis. Without knowing it you cannot understand the disease. There are many aspects we have to consider according to the disease, Nidan (DIAGNOSIS) makes us understand the disease its state and path way of treatment.
There are many ways the texts of Ayurveda have told to understand a disease. There are many factors we have to consider before coming to conclude of a particular disease. According to Ayurveda for any disease there is:
- hetu (reason for the disease which could be food habits or life style and mental disturbances like depression)
- purvaroopa(the symptoms that occur before the disease)
- roopa(symptoms of the disease)
- upashaya(relive from the symptom ,disease after treatment).
Factors that influence the disease are:
- dosha (vata,pitta, kapha) dushya
- prakurti(body type)
- desha(the region(cold, hot) the disease has occurred.
- The type of season (kala) the disease has occurred.
- Srothas (which functional system of the body the disease is spread) e.g… respiratory system, urinary system, abdomen.
- Roga marga(which way the disease is heading)
- Udbhava sthana(where the disease started , from which particular part of the body).
- Vyadi sabhava(what is the nature of the disease)is it chronic or fast acting.
- Vaya(the age of the patient is important factor to consider).
- Agni(the digestive fire which is unique concept of Ayurveda).
It is very important that the food we eat is digested and absorbed which will not happen if the agni is low which leads to formation of ama(toxin) and thus leading to disease.
Ayurveda has explained different types of examinations to understand the disease.
Darshan (observation), sparshan (touch), prashan (question regarding symptom,disease), nadi (pulse diagnosis), bala (strength of disease and patient), mala (study of stools to understand the digestive track), mutra(urine exam), jivha (toung exam), drik (eye examination), akriti (the structure of the patient), udara (stomach examination), vaya (age of patient) etc are some factors taken into consideration to understand and study the disease and patient.
How we have to observe a patient has been explained in Ayurveda, eg…,
- Darshan (seeing the patient),
- Sparshan (feel of the symptoms of the patient),
- prashna (by asking the patient),
- pratkshya (what are the present symptoms),
- anuman (prognosis of patient or what could these symptoms lead to.)
Ayurveda has explained how a disease is formed, it is called samprapti. For any disease to form the doshas are influenced by the factors that disturb the dosha which lead to formation of disease:
- Sanchay (this stage is when the dosha is being collected)
- Prakop (the stage in which the dosha is increased than normal)
- Prasar (the spreading of the dosha in terms to form the disease)
- Vyapti (spreading of disease and showing complete disease)
- Bhada (types of a disease)
Usually there is vata, pitta, kapha and sannipatik (all three dosha together).
The disease can be treated in two ways
Shaman (to reduce the disease within the body by balancing the dosha within the body)
- Shodan (by bringing out the excesses dosha accumulated in the body) with the help of panchakarma
- Medicine can be given internally (tablets, powders etc)
- And externally (oils, lepam) etc
- Ayurveda has also explained the which stage of the disease can be treated eg…
- Sukha sadya (the disease can be easily treated)
- Yapya (the disease is under control as long as the patient is treated.
- Asadya (it is hard to treat disease or cannot be treated according to last stage of disease).