Indian medicine had its great teachers from the past, just like the ancient Greek philosopher Hippocrates is the basis of the principles on which Western medicine is based.
In this case, this is the sage Charaka – the first ancient Indian physician. Thanks to his work, traditional Ayurvedic medicine was born
It has formed itself as a multifaceted system of knowledge that covers spheres such as anatomy, nutrition, health and physical education, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various diseases, even surgery, as well as areas such as psychology and psychiatry.
The essence of Indian medicine is that all its specialized areas are interconnected and considered together when we try to establish and improve the condition of patient.
Western science, influenced by Hippocrates, noticed that most diseases have a direct connection with certain aspects of our way of life. An important role in this regard can play, for example, malnutrition.
While in the West we are used to separating the spirit and the physical body, in Ayurveda it is believed that all diseases arise as a direct consequence of the imbalance of our spirit. and / or to our mind.
However, like the Greeks, Ayurveda thinkers attach great importance to food for health , so to this day it is used both as a medicine and as a prophylactic.
Basic elements, bodies, energies and doshas according to Ayurveda
To this day, Indian healers view the universe and us who are part of it as a complex set of basic elements – five in number, types of “fine body” – also five, three main types of energies and three main doshas. Let’s first try to understand each of these concepts.
According to Indian philosophy, and in particular Ayurveda, the basic elements (pancha bhuta) are the same five, as in the ancient Hellenic culture in the west – water, earth, fire, air and ether. They are that which builds ourselves and the whole nature around us.
The ether (akasha) can be called the proto-element of Ayurveda . It arises above all else. It is not even real, its dimension is spatial – empty-space .
The ether element is cool and even cold, but not because it has processes that keep it cold – the ether simply does not absorb heat and does not heat up . It is also light and can even be called weightless.
Air is a element derived from ether. That’s why it has some qualities similar to his. Unlike ether, however, air has five directions of movement – inward, outward, downward, upward, and toward the center.
There are some parallels with other elements. According to Ayurveda air can have the sharpness of fire and the hardness of the earth.
The element earth – in Sanskrit pritvi, lies at the base of any solid matter. As such, its properties include weight, coolness, density and roughness. At the same time, it is stable, strong and solid. This element is strongest in autumn, late winter, early spring.
Water (apas) is an evolution of the first three elements, so it has various aspects of all their qualities. Like the earth, water is a cool, heavy and stable element.
It is also moist, smooth and soft. Water has the unique property of soothing pain and discomfort. This applies not only physically but also emotionally.
The first element we taste in our prenatal period is water, not air. That’s why crying babies find it soothing to drink a few sips of water.
The three main types of energy – pie, coffee and cotton wool energy , weave our fine body and our constitution. Each contains all three energies, but our energy type is determined by the dominance of one or two of them , more balanced synthesis from the wood is also rare.
The energies of the body are called “doshas”. From Sanskrit this word translates as “complications”. This means that most often the dominant traits of our nature could cause problems and diseases when they are out of balance.
The five fine bodies (baskets) are anandamaya, vizhnanamaya, manomaya, pranamaya, annamaya. Annamaya is the body created and maintained through nutrition. Pranamaya is the life force of each of us.
Manomaya is our character, memories and life impressions, our preferences, as well as emotions. Vijnanamaya is the basket of our intellectual essence. Anandamaya is the body of pleasure. Each basket is in communication with one of the five elements.
Fire is a dry, warm, light element. It can also be sharp and rough, but it can also be quite soft. In fact, as with fire in life, he can be our friend, but also a devastating enemy if he goes out of balance.
Doshi – what can be the diagnosis and treatment for them?
In Ayurveda, it is believed that everyone has a unique individual balance of elemental structure , which are expressed in three main natures (doshas). The doshas define our Ayurvedic constitution.
There are three doshas – coffee, pie and cotton wool . Each of them is built on the basis of a different combination of elements. Coffee is made up of earth and water. Pie in turn is a combination of water and fire, and cotton wool consists of air and ether.
The individual constitution of each one is determined by the dominant dosha energy in him. However, it is rare to find people in whom all three doshas are equally present or at least coexist in a harmonious balance. In most of us the constitution is made up of a combination of two doshas. These energies are structurally defining for the rest of our lives.
Vata dosha consists of ether and wind. These are the lightest substances in the universe. This makes the dosha very light. People who have it are very fond of movement to the extent that they keep moving even when they are already too tired.
If you feel that this dosha is getting out of control for you, don’t forget to slow down, eat heavier foods and strive to calm down.
Kafa dosha is composed of the elements water and earth . Therefore, it is heavier and more clumsy, but at the same time stable and durable.
Fire and water are intertwined in the pita dosha at the same time. It is responsible for metabolism and all other transforming processes in humans. People with such a constitution have a fast metabolism and well-developed muscles .
Yoga is an integral part of daily care for health and energy well-being according to Ayurveda. The program of our practice must always be in accordance with our individual constitution and its harmonization. This applies both to the asanas we choose , and how we run them.
People with a predominant coffee dosha, for example, have great stamina, but are more lazy than other types of constitution. It is good for them to work to awaken their inner fire . It is recommended that they focus mainly on asanas that can trigger the air element.
If vata dosha is dominant in our nature and has a tendency to go out out of balance, we should not do a quick flow from asana to asana, as is typical of vinyasa yoga. It is also good in this case to do possible more breathing yoga, which will work well for us .
In contrast, pita dosha needs physical exertion, active movement and stretching. In such cases, it is better to do more intense and more frequent workouts.
If we have a mixed type of constitution , things are more complicated. In these cases, we must specify what our natural balance is and what are the deviations from it at the moment.
In Ayurveda diagnosis and the treatment of all types of diseases should be done on individual principle. That is why Ayurvedic healers conduct special tests and interviews with the patient when he comes to them for the first time so that they can establish the diagnosis. and their constitution.
Ayurveda Clinic in Bansko offers diagnostics, prevention and therapies for each type of dosha and specific needs.